This hands-on class is for beginners who want to learn the differences between the 2 methods of making bar soap: cold & hot process soap making and combine both into 1 class. Cold-process soap making is the most popular, easiest, fastest & most versatile method of making bar soap. Hot-process soap making is not the most popular type of soap making due to the look of the soap, which is described below as well as the differences & benefits of each method. We'll cover the following: - The science behind soap making, saponification, & other important soap terms like super-fatting & curing - Lye information & safety (read more below: "Safety First!") - A brief history of soap making & what makes these 2 types of bar soap different from each other & from modern-day, store-bought soap - The materials and ingredients needed and where to get them (I provide a suppliers' list as part of the class handout) - How to formulate a soap recipe based on your needs (e.g. dry skin, sensitive skin), using a very handy online soap calculator - How to test the pH of your soap to make sure it is safe to use - Making & customizing your soap (1 batch of cold process & 1 batch of hot process) and what to do at home afterwards Formulating a balanced recipe is the most important part of soap making, so my goal is for you to go home feeling very capable & comfortable with the intricacies of the soap calculator. Go home with 2 customized products! In class, you will: - Choose 2 recipes that are best for your skin type (e.g. more conditioning or bubbly) - Make 8 oz. of each cold-process & hot-process soap (1 lb. total) - Take home your soap in the silicone molds of your choice, which you can keep and reuse (2-3 bars per batch or 4-6 bars total, depending on the mold) + other additives, if desired (honey for extra conditioning, amaranth for exfoliation, your own fragrance from home*) * Important Note: Fragrances are no longer offered in classes because continual exposure causes the teacher allergies, but you are free to bring your own fragrances from home to class to add to your products. Go home with 6 soap recipes and a thorough, detailed handout, which includes an ingredient list, lye information, step-by-step instructions, and lists of materials/equipment & online suppliers. Note that it takes at least 2 weeks for the cold-process soap to cure and be ready for use. Your hot-process soap will be ready for use after 24 hours. Safely First! Since lye, NaOH, is used in the Soap Making Workshop, you will be provided the best safety equipment for the class. A common question: is lye necessary for soap making? Yes! A base is needed with one hydroxide ion, so Sodium Hydroxide & Potassium Hydroxide are used...And lye has many other uses as well! But, don't worry, there is no lye in the final product due to the chemical reaction that takes place between the carrier oils and the lye, which is converted into salt! My goal is for you to understand what lye is, how to handle lye & to respect lye, not fear it! You must wear closed-toe shoes, a long-sleeved shirt and pants to this class. Everything is provided in the class, as well as some snacks & tea. This class is for 2 students (contact Lindsay for a 3-person class) and lasts about 4 hours. The main differences between hot-process and cold-process soap making are: The amount of time it takes to make the soap - Hot process: about 1.5 hours - Cold process: about 30 minutes The appearance of the soap & working with additives - Hot process: because the soap saponifies & cures during the cooking phase, it thickens and hardens before putting it in a mold; so it has a chunky, earthy-kind-of-appearance. This also makes it more difficult to add certain additives like color. - Cold process: because the soap is put in the mold while it is still a semi-liquid, it has a smooth, creamy appearance once cured. This consistency makes it better for working with certain additives like color; so swirling colors is much easier. The curing time - Hot process: ready to use after 24 hours (this is the main reason to make hot process soap). - Cold process: has to cure for at least 2 weeks; then you can use it. Possible Add-ons: - Lip balm (+$20; adds about 30 minutes) - Lotion (+$40; adds about 1 hr) Other Available Classes: - Advanced cold process & liquid soap making - Beeswax candle making Discounts are available for students that would like to make 3 or more products in 1 class. Contact Lindsay for more information. What makes Lindsay's DIY (Do-It-Yourself) classes unique? Much more goes into making natural, personal-care products than you might think. It's a science! So it is very important that you understand why you are doing something, not just how to do something. Each class begins with discussing the science behind making the product, why certain ingredients are needed & formulating recipes, which is often the hardest part. Then it's time to get hands-on, making the product with me as your guide. My goals are for you to have fun learning something new & making your product, and that you leave the class with a solid, educational foundation that you can build upon. Detailed, thorough handouts are provided in each class and are emailed as PDFs after the class. I am always available by phone or email after a class to answer any questions & give guidance; all of my students
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